Swift 语言之类和结构体学习笔记

类和结构体的对比

定义语法:

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struct Resolution {
var width = 0
var height = 0
}
class VideoMode {
var resolution = Resolution()
var interlaced = false
var frameRate = 0.0
var name: String?
}

类和结构体的实例:

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let someResolution = Resolution()
let someVideoMode = VideoMode()

属性访问:

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someVideoMode.resolution.width = 1280
println("The width of someVideoMode is now \(someVideoMode.resolution.width)")
// prints "The width of someVideoMode is now 1280"

结构体类型的成员构造器(类实例没有):

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let vga = Resolution(width: 640, height: 480)

结构体和枚举是值类型

结构体:

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let hd = Resolution(width: 1920, height: 1080)
var cinema = hd

cinema.width = 2048

println("cinema is now \(cinema.width) pixels wide")
// prints "cinema is now 2048 pixels wide"

println("hd is still \(hd.width) pixels wide")
// prints "hd is still 1920 pixels wide"

枚举:

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enum CompassPoint {
case North, South, East, West
}

var currentDirection = CompassPoint.West
let rememberedDirection = currentDirection
currentDirection = .East

if rememberedDirection == .West {
println("The remembered direction is still .West")
}
// prints "The remembered direction is still .West"

类是引用类型

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let tenEighty = VideoMode()
tenEighty.resolution = hd
tenEighty.interlaced = true
tenEighty.name = "1080i"
tenEighty.frameRate = 25.0

let alsoTenEighty = tenEighty
alsoTenEighty.frameRate = 30.0

println("The frameRate property of tenEighty is now \(tenEighty.frameRate)")
// prints "The frameRate property of tenEighty is now 30.0"

标识恒等运算符(===和!==):

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if tenEighty === alsoTenEighty {
println("tenEighty and alsoTenEighty refer to the same VideoMode instance.")
}
// prints "tenEighty and alsoTenEighty refer to the same VideoMode instance."
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